The Book of 1 Samuel records the beginning of Israel’s monarchy. It presents the role Samuel filled as the prophet, priest, and judge for God’s people. When God’s people expressed their desire for a king, Saul was anointed by Samuel as Israel’s first king. When Saul turned away from God, David was waiting to succeed him as Israel’s second king. The book draws to a close with the death of Saul.
The Book of 2 Samuel records the anointing of David as king and reveals his long reign over Israel. As king, David experienced great military success while leading God’s people.His human failings, such as his sin against Bathsheba and her family, presented difficult days for his kingdom and his personal life. The eternal rule of the lineage of David is established, paving the way for the coming Messiah.